We apply factorization and eikonal methods from gauge theories to scattering amplitudes in gravity. We hypothesize that these amplitudes factor into an IR-divergent soft function and an IR-finite hard function, with the former given by the expectation value of a product of gravitational Wilson line operators. Using this approach, we show that the IR-divergent part of the n-graviton scattering amplitude is given by the exponential of the one-loop IR divergence, as originally discovered byWeinberg, with no additional subleading IR-divergent contributions in dimensional regularization. © SISSA 2011.
Naculicha, Stephen G. and Schnitzerb, Howard J., "Eikonal methods applied to gravitational scattering amplitudes" (2011). Physics Faculty Publications. 120.